Category Archives: Lake Management

Land And Lake Management

There is a lot of land in the United States That is not being used. Some of this land is native habitat and conservation land, and that is great. Such lands serve multiple purposes meeting important needs like preserving native habitats for maintaining biodiversity, wildlife preservation, erosion control, and aesthetics, to mention only a few. I consider this to be productive, and this is not what I am talking about.

The fact is, that much of the land mass of the United States is owned by people who do not use the land to produce anything, but who bought the land with some vague vestigial sense of an agrarian lifestyle, but who have little concept of what that entails. The same is true with ponds and lakes.

There is an indelible imprint on the human psyche urging us to posses land and live near water even though modern technology has solved most of our agricultural and water delivery needs in most of the western world. It is primal self-preservation which spurs us on.

I will be the first to say that there is nothing wrong with this, and in fact, it may be wise in the event of a tragedy of some type, (don’t think that such a tragedy cannot happen) but what do we do with that land, and those bodies of water if you are not quite ready or able to plow yourself right into farming?

People love being near lakes.

Even if you are just saving the land for the day when some great disaster strikes, or until retirement, whichever comes first, you can’t just let acres of land and water sit idle. They will revert, and what they revert to will not be pretty! They must be maintained, just as our homes and lawns must be maintained, and most of us lack the knowledge, skills, and equipment to handle more than an acre or two of land or water.

Your options are, to do nothing, to do the work yourself, to pay someone to do the work, or to find creative ways to handle the opportunity. That’s where Home And Garden Press can help!

In our sections on Land Management, and Lake Management, we deal with these issues, and offer advice and creative solutions for the perplexing problems of property owners.

Pond Algae Causes Problems And Cures

Reviewing the questions we receive,  I find that there are still a lot of misunderstandings about the nature of filamentous pond algae. It is really pretty simple, but you have to take a serious look at cause and effect, and the differences between the types of algae present in pond and lake water.

Pond algae causes problems and cures

There is algae of a variety of types present in most untreated water. There is one cause for outbreaks of filamentous algae on the surface of ponds and lakes, and that is the penetration of sunlight to the lake bed. Filamentous algae in small quantities does no harm, and is usually limited to a small strip around the pond, and in some shallow areas. Pond algae becomes a problem when it takes over a large portion of a body of water. There are several problems related to excess pond scum.

Problems caused by excessive pond algae


Fish eat mosquitoes and mosquito larvae in large enough quantities to prevent them from becoming a serious problem in normal pond and lake situations. When filamentous algae and lake weeds become over abundant, the mosquitoes and their larvae are protected from the fish and can produce at near uncontrollable rates.


Pond algae, like any other plant, inhales carbon dioxide and exhales oxygen, but that is only part of the story. During the late afternoon in the summer, the opposite can occur, leaving fish to come to the surface to fight for air. When the algae dies and begins to rot, further dissolved oxygen depletion occurs.


Too much filamentous pond algae can make any aquatic recreational activity difficult.
-Aesthetics. Lake algae looks bad. It can also produce an unattractive odor. It’s just not something that most people want to be around.

The real pond algae problem

Most importantly though, pond scum is a symptom of another problem, and that problem is fertility. In some cases excessive algae growth occurs as a result of excessive fertility. In my experience, this is rare. When excessive fertility is involved, it usually results in an over abundance of plankton like, unattached single cells resembling a pea soup. In the vast majority of cases, the opposite is true. If there is not enough fertility present in the water, plankton, or algae bloom does not occur, and because the water lacks the sunlight filtering shading properties which phytoplankton provides, sunlight reaches the bottom, and a crop of filamentous algae results. This algae starts at the bottom, and gradually gains buoyancy and floats to the top under the influence of it’s own oxygen production. Blanket weed pond scum is the first noticeable indication that something is seriously wrong with a pond, and that something is the lack of phytoplankton.

Phytoplankton produces shading that prevents the sunlight from initiating the growth of  pond scum, but more importantly, it is the beginning of the food chain in your pond, and without a healthy algae bloom, your fish go hungry, and the life cycle is slowed or halted.

Solving pond algae problems

To prevent blanket weed, and to kick start the food chain, all that is needed is additional fertility. Test the pH of your water, amend it if needed, and start a regular fertility program. You will be amazed at the results. Your pond will be properly colored, and pond algae kept to a minimum, and your fish will be healthier.

To learn more about pond algae causes problems and cures see: The Lake Management section of this site, and How To Fertilize A Pond Or Lake.

Lake Advice | A Lake Management Site Review

We include tons of lake and pond advice at Home And Garden Press, but we can’t cover everything that you might need to know on the subject of pond and lake management,. Lucky for you, there is an online resource that can take up some of the slack in the area of pond and lake care. offers information on all aspects of pond and lake management, including lake weed and pond algae control, adjusting pH, water clarity issues, and fertilization among many others.

Pond And Lake Management Advice